Serious Game Alumni #9: Culver Redd


The alumni series is back! Opening this semester with the talented Culver Redd, who is currently a Software Engineer at TechSmith. Redd’s path into the Serious Game Certificate is certainly a unique one. Stemming from an early interest in physics, his motivation arose shortly after completing his undergraduate thesis in Computer Science, a game for physics and astronomy education. His thesis advisor introduced him to Meaningful Play, where he continued research for his thesis but was also floored by the wide variety of serious game projects displayed. Redd said “It wasn’t until attending Meaningful Play that I realized how many people were working to that purpose.” The experience was part of the reason that Redd applied to the program.

Within the Serious Games Certificate, Redd gravitated towards games for education and social justice. This resulted in Redd becoming part of a graduate thesis team here at MSU who sought to create an infinite runner game commenting on the poor treatment of women in gaming communities. But he also found himself working on more traditional games, such as platformers, shooters, and fighting games.

Now as a software engineer, Redd writes and reorganizes code, which also requires working with UX designers, instructional designers, stakeholders and his team. Looking back on the Serious Game Certificate program, Redd believes it “really helped round out my design thinking and understanding of user testing/research. This is invaluable now that I need to communicate with people doing design and research on a near-daily basis.”

“The Serious Game Certificate really helped me in rounding out my academic coding knowledge with a lot of project experience.”

Redd’s favorite course, Dr. Casey O’Donnell’s Implementing Interactivity, allowed him to take principles of serious game theories and put them to the test of design, iteration, and analysis. And while Redd is not working in games currently, he recently finished a personal project in which he liveblogged a game programming by example book, 3D Game Engine Programming. He believes that the Serious Game Certificate has not only given him the tools to succeed as a future game developer, and the opportunity to build on his skills as a software engineer, but it has also given him the opportunity to “access and learn from some of the best resources and networking opportunities, such as the CA program.”

CA stands for conference associate, a type of volunteer at the Game Developers Conference. Redd recalls attending and working the conference as one of the most meaningful experiences of his life. “The experience of that week as a CA,” he says, “it’s incredibly difficult to describe to anyone who hasn’t done it. But you arrive there, meet tons of new and incredibly friendly people. You work at the conference until you’re exhausted but every CA is just so enthusiastic that you’re infected with energy to keep on.”

“There are people there [at GDC] from every walk of life, with an amazingly diverse set of experiences and interests, with connections and experience at every level and in every job role in the game industry. And once you’re a CA, you can continue to enhance those friendships and professional connections throughout your career.”

Redd wraps it up with these words of wisdom for serious game students: “My biggest piece of advice is to make lots of friends in the program and to attend Meaningful Play and whatever other conferences you can get to. Doing as much networking and relationship-building as you can will really help in the long run. Other than that, I just suggest working as hard as you can on your games and keeping an open mind – don’t be afraid to use mediums and mechanics for your games that aren’t traditional. Breaking out of those molds can lead to great and interesting things!”

Games, Seriously Joins the Web as a Meaningful Games Podcast

Founded by Christopher Yap, games researcher and PhD candidate at Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Rachel Bazelais, Code Liberation teacher-in-training, Jon Padua, fiction writer and narrative expert, and Thomas May, Master’s and serious game certificate student in the Media and Information department here at MSU, Games, Seriously is a new podcast that seeks to advocate for games as a meaningful medium of expression. In short, Games, Seriously wants people to, well, take games seriously.

The idea for the podcast was born some time after the team met at PAX East, where Yap, Padua, and May gave a talk titled The Mythology In and Of Games: Why the Legend of Zelda is just as important as the Legend of Beowulf, during which they met future member Bazelais, who was one of the many people in the packed room. The presenters were inspired to give this talk to counter the stigma that “games and the greater concept of play have no substantive value, or are simply goofing off,” Yap said.

“Back in the day, sharing stories was by word of mouth. Now games are one of the more popular and expressive mediums to share narratives.”

-Thomas May, Rachel Bazelais

The audience during the team's PAX East Talk, The Mythology In and Of Games.

The audience during the team’s PAX East Talk, The Mythology In and Of Games.

The panel was successful in discussing the educational content that games can afford players, this being one part of the message Games, Seriously hopes to broadcast. Through monthly, hour long episodes, the podcast aims to discuss the encouraging and exciting capacity of games—such as for education and self-improvement— to make a meaningful impact on society. Games, Seriously will provide a safe space for people to discuss integral, significant issues in game, hopefully providing stimulation for future projects that will further the field as, Yap puts it, “an expression of human creativity, positivity, and progress.”

“The fact that MSU actually has a department for serious games is a testament to the progress of the field institutionally, a field that has really caught on to something special games can do for humanity.”

-Christopher Yap

Kick off the holiday break by tuning in on Sunday, December 14th for Games, Seriously’s first episode in which they discuss the factors which make games important, a intentionally general topic where each podcast member adds from their field of expertise—game narrative, indie development, traditional fiction and prose, and serious games. Future episodes boast an extensive list of game title discussions, including serious games, games for change, and entertainment titles such as Fable, Five Nights at Freddy’s, Metal Gear Solid, and more.

Stay up to date with Games, Seriously on their Facebook and Twitter!

Dr. Casey O’Donnell Debuts First Book: Developer’s Dilemma


At first titled Developers in the Mist¸ Dr. Casey O’Donnell, professor at MSU’s department of Media and Information, was asked to change the name of his first book by the publisher. “Change it?” He said, “That’s like coming up to me and saying I need to rename my kid after five years.” It’s weird. It’s awkward. And it’s not fun. This is precisely why Dr. O’Donnell attempted to crowd source his book’s title on twitter with the hashtag #NMFB, aptly standing for “Name My F-ing Book.” But while many of the suggestions were excellent, somehow the title appeared to Dr. O’Donnell through some other, mystical means.


Developer’s Dilemma, the final title of his book, is a play on the old prisoner’s dilemma where the optimal solution is for two parties to cooperate. However, if you know the other party will cooperate, you can always throw them under the bus. Dr. O’Donnell believes a similar process occurs in the game industry, where game developers throw each other “under the bus,” so to speak.

Game developers are good at recognizing systems, but really bad at looking at their own system, Dr.O’Donnell says. The game industry needs to be more reflective, more critical, in a “Is this how we want this function?” or “That’s the way we’ve always done it.” In a way, Developer’s Dilemma is asking game developers to ask their own questions, about systems, culture, and the like.

“For big businesses,” Dr. Odonnell says, “anthropologists are a plus. I mean companies like IBM, Microsoft, Google. Anthropologists can watch users and look internally. Most indie companies can’t afford that, but there are plenty of researchers wishing for access.”

But what exactly does Dr. O’Donnell mean when he says some game developers “throw each other under the bus?” He explains the culture of secrecy—long lived in the game industry. No one wants anyone else to know what they’re working on in case they’ll steal it.

“Game developers are scared of having their IP stolen, but the fact of the matter is that it doesn’t really happen. That usually comes after the games are published and out there.”

Partly due to the shroud of secrecy, many game developers are invisible, when there should be a push for transparency instead. Even though some companies, like Double Fine, have made documentaries, these are still constructed narratives. Twitch allows developer visibility, but it doesn’t capture all of them.

“Games have a huge impact,” Dr. O’Donnell says, “and yet, most companies are hesitant of having people come in from the outside.” He mentions Marvel’s latest announcement, listing all their upcoming films for the next decade or so. “The earlier you show your game,” he says, “the more excited people get. It’s two plus years of publicity, but of course, some things you keep secret.”

“There should be transparency into an industry of interesting people that should be visible.”

People like Ken Levine and Shigeru Miyamoto are the faces of their games, not the people on their teams. When asked, why transparency is so important, O’Donnell replies, “It is important in the same way that knowing what goes into any product is important. It is good for the workers and the players to know what goes into that game they’re playing. Kinda like food.” Developer’s Dilemma mostly pays attention to everybody who is invisible behind the cover of a game. O’Donnell says “Sometimes credits are not enough.” He says game developers should pay attention to the game they’re playing.

Game developers must be vocal enough. You are the industry. You make the games. Speak up.”

After all, “this isn’t anything like Grandma’s Boy.”


You can purchase it hot off the press, or take a look at some “boss fights” at

MSU and Girl Scouts Come Together for Tech Day

Michigan State University’s Media and Information department welcomed a troop of Girl Scouts from Livonia this past Saturday, encouraging the girls to play and learn with technology. Led by Patrick Shaw, professor and owner of indie game company Triquetra Games, the girls partook in a day of robotics, animation, programming, and even a bit of game design.

As the day began, one of Shaw’s first questions included “What does a game programmer do?” One of the girl scouts excitedly answered, “He makes the coding that makes the game work!” Shaw smiled and added “Or she,” and the Girl Scout nodded in approval, adding “he or she” to her answer. It wasn’t surprising that she choose to answer this way. According to the 2014 Game Developer Salary Survey, only 5% of game design programmers in the US are women, and much of this has to do with the social and cultural view of STEM professions as male occupations. But this day camp sought to change that, and I had the pleasure of participating.

A couple of Girl Scouts are helping one another in Scratch, a visual programming tool.

A couple of Girl Scouts are helping one another in Scratch, a visual programming tool.


Saturday was all about dispelling the belief that boys are better at math, and by association, engineering, science, and the like. Math is hard for many of us, as one girl scout pointed out, and with Mattel authoring books that teach boys are better at math, it would seem we have a lot of work to do.  Math is hard, for some, but as another Girl Scout pointed out “girls can do anything boys can.”

Besides pushing down a negative narrative about gender, Shaw also sought to find out what these girls wanted most in a game, in order to better design Triquetra Game’s .BOT, an exploration and discovery experience for young women in which they can discover ancient civilizations, new technology, and build robots. Through two exercises—Be the Producer and Be the Engineer—we got an inside look at what young girls value in games.

Multiplayer, storytelling, and quests topped the list, with snapshots coming in last place. Even more interesting was a discussion within a group on whether cosmetic customization (changing the appearance of their robots) or 250 customizable robot parts would be the better feature. The discussion ended when one Girl Scout noticed that with 250 more parts, they could build many more robots, and also customize them. The girls agreed that more parts would be better than cosmetics. All of the Girl Scouts agreed that how well a game plays is more important than game graphics as well.

Interesting, right?

Game Developer Statistics

Image credit to Game Career Guide

From there, the girls went on to code dancing cats in Scratch, an online programming tool for kids. Like many of the other activities that day, this one let the girls create using technology, and I think it was the perfect tool for showing them one of the many possibilities that computers and technology hold for them. Every girl was engaged with the program, and many of them got the hang of the visual programming editor very quickly. Some Girl Scouts even made their own accounts!

And all this before lunchtime!

15 Characters You’ll Meet in the Serious Game Design Program



Every program attracts a certain type of person, but the Serious Game Certificate attracts all kinds of people. Even so, here’s a list of fifteen characters you’re bound to run into as an online or in person serious game design student at Michigan State.


The Domain Specialist

This particular student comes to us from a different field entirely. For this student, their goals tend to be about bringing games back to their field, on how to use games to educate or help players. A good example of a specialist would be a speech pathology PhD student, one of which is actually in the program now.

Person on a Mission

This character tends to come in to the program already knowing exactly what they want to do.  Often, they have a game idea they are passionate about bringing to life. They come in knowing how they want to change the world.

The Novice

The novice doesn’t really know much about video games. It could be that they only know about popular culture references or what friends have told them about the field. They see the value in games and are passionate about learning more. This character type may not consider themselves a gamer, but may enjoy game design exercises, the research aspect of games, or the user experience building behind game development.

The Expert Gamer

The complete opposite of the novice, the expert knows all there is about games and then some. They may have grown up with games, know the intricacies of several different games, and identify the term “gamer.” Their interest in the Serious Game Certificate is all about creating entertaining games with a higher purpose. They know well what is and isn’t fun, and have come to learn about the serious side of play.

The Non-Gamer

Yes, there will be fellow students who really don’t play or even like games.  What are they doing in the program? They know games are powerful and important, and they want to understand what makes games work, to adapt and apply those approaches to domains they are passionate about.

The Business Edge

As the business edge, this student brings a similar skillset as the specialist. They have extensive knowledge of the business field, sometimes marketing and advertising as well. They view serious games as a growing enterprise which has much to give, and also much to earn. For the business edge, they can identify where, why, and how a specific type of serious game will work. Oftentimes, they come from areas of high entrepreneurial markets, such as China. This student is looking for what users need and how they can fill that niche.

The Fortune 500 Employee

This person has convinced their company that becoming more expert in serious games would be useful.  They may be in communication or marketing or UX design, in HR or sales.  They bring their experience in the business world to class discussions and their own project work.

The Renaissance Person

When it comes to skills, the renaissance person tends to be less “T-shaped” than they are “pie shaped.” This student can make art assets, design a game, program, and more. They have many different skills and are here to implement them in a serious game manner, but also share them with others.

The Next Generation Researcher

If data is involved, then the researcher is nearby. This character type discovers that they love to do research, connect theories, and learn about serious game fundamentals. When it comes time to perform actual research, be it on users or games, the researcher’s passion for qualitative and quantitative data is likely to lead them to go on to pursue a Ph.D.

The Doctoral Student

We often have doctoral students, either at MSU or at other universities, who want to add the serious game certificate to their graduate curriculum. These people could be studying almost anything – English, Education, History.

The Game Industry Professional

We usually have one or more students who work full time for a game company.  They are looking to add an understanding of how theories can inform game design, methods for understanding their players, and MSU’s perspective on game design with a serious twist.

The Professor

Yes, it won’t be unusual to have fellow students who are actually already professors.  They want to add serous game design and research to what they teach, or to get ideas about how to teach different things.

The Corporate Trainer

This person may already have a job as a corporate trainer. They may use games sometimes for training. They want to know more about theories of learning, game design, and what’s possible, to be able to create more effective and more fun training.

The Online Learning Designer

This person works with instructors to create online courses.  It would be awesome to be able to add online game design to their skillset, and where appropriate, to incorporate games or gamification into online courses.

The HCI Professional

Book author John Ferrara is an inspiration to these folks.  Ferrara was an HCI professional who became interested in games while developing a game to submit to the Healthy Eating Game Design Competition. He ended up writing a book called Playful Design that draws parallels between HCI and Game Design.


This is by no means a complete list, but from what I have experienced, a popular character set in the Serious Game Certificate program. It’s not surprising to me that this program is so diverse in student types, passions, and goals. And it’s this incredible mix of people that generates fun, exciting, and personal projects, be they in the classroom or in an online space.

Professor Carrie Heeter asked me to add that this diverse mix is fascinating to teach, and makes for very interesting class discussions. You can see why we encourage students to personalize their assignments to fit their learning goals.

Where do you fall on the spectrum? And who do you think you’ll meet next year?